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A Guide to Disassembling and Cleaning the Browning Hi-Power

Hello. In this article, you will learn about how to disassemble and clean the Browning Hi-Power firearm. We will provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to take apart the gun and properly clean it. Additionally, you will find a video demonstration for visual guidance. To add some historical context, we will briefly discuss the background of the Browning Hi-Power. So, let’s get started and ensure your Browning Hi-Power is well-maintained.


The Browning Hi-Power is a legendary semi-automatic pistol that has stood the test of time. Designed by the great firearms engineer John Moses Browning, it was first introduced in the 1930s and has since gained a reputation for its reliability and power. Its history is deeply intertwined with the events of the 20th century, as it has been used by military and law enforcement agencies around the world.

Regular cleaning and disassembly of the Browning Hi-Power is crucial in order to maintain its performance and extend its lifespan. In this guide, we will take you through the step-by-step process of disassembling and cleaning this iconic firearm, ensuring that you have the knowledge and tools necessary to keep it in top condition.

Step 1: Gather necessary tools

Before we begin, it is important to gather the necessary tools to properly disassemble and clean the Browning Hi-Power. Here is a list of the tools you will need:

  1. Screwdriver set
  2. Cleaning rod and brushes
  3. Bore solvent
  4. Lubrication oil
  5. Cleaning patches
  6. Nylon brush
  7. Cloth or towel
  8. Safety glasses

Using appropriate tools is important to prevent any damage to the firearm. For example, using a screwdriver that doesn’t fit properly can scratch or strip the screw heads, making it difficult to disassemble the firearm properly.

A Guide to Disassembling and Cleaning the Browning Hi-Power

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Step 2: Unload the firearm

Safety should always be the top priority when handling firearms. Before disassembling the Browning Hi-Power, ensure that it is unloaded. Remove the magazine and visually inspect the chamber to make sure there is no ammunition present.

In addition to unloading the firearm, it is also important to wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from any debris or solvents that may be released during the cleaning process.

Step 3: Field strip the pistol

Field stripping is the process of partially disassembling the firearm for cleaning purposes. It allows for easy access to the barrel, slide, and other components that require cleaning.

To field strip the Browning Hi-Power, follow these steps:

  1. Push the slide stop lever, located on the left side of the frame, up and out of the frame until it stops.
  2. Pull the slide back slightly and lift it up and off the frame.
  3. Remove the recoil spring assembly by carefully pushing it forward and disengaging it from the barrel.
  4. Lift the barrel out from the slide.

A Guide to Disassembling and Cleaning the Browning Hi-Power

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Step 4: Clean the barrel and slide

The barrel and slide are the two most important components of the Browning Hi-Power and require regular cleaning to ensure smooth operation. Start by cleaning the barrel using a bore solvent and cleaning rod with a brush attached.

Insert the brush into the barrel and scrub back and forth several times to remove any fouling or debris. Then, attach a cleaning patch to the cleaning rod and run it through the barrel to remove any remaining solvent or debris. Repeat this process until the patch comes out clean.

Next, clean the slide using a nylon brush dipped in bore solvent. Scrub all surfaces of the slide thoroughly to remove any dirt, carbon buildup, or other contaminants. Once clean, wipe down the slide with a cloth or towel.

Step 5: Clean the frame and other components

The frame and other small components of the Browning Hi-Power also require cleaning. Start by using a nylon brush dipped in bore solvent to scrub all surfaces of the frame, paying close attention to the areas around the trigger mechanism and the magazine well. Be sure to remove any dirt or debris that may have accumulated.

For small parts such as the slide stop lever and the recoil spring assembly, use a cloth or towel to wipe them clean. It may be necessary to use a small brush or a toothbrush to reach into tight spaces and remove any stubborn dirt or residue.

A Guide to Disassembling and Cleaning the Browning Hi-Power

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Step 6: Lubricate the firearm

Lubrication is essential for the proper functioning of any firearm, including the Browning Hi-Power. Apply a small amount of lubrication oil to the barrel, slide, frame, and other moving parts of the firearm. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the recommended lubricants and application techniques.

Avoid over-lubricating the firearm, as this can attract dirt and debris and cause malfunctions. Instead, apply a thin, even layer of lubricant to the necessary areas.

Step 7: Reassemble the Browning Hi-Power

Once all components have been cleaned and lubricated, it is time to reassemble the Browning Hi-Power. Follow these steps to ensure a proper reassembly:

  1. Insert the barrel back into the slide, making sure it is properly aligned.
  2. Place the recoil spring assembly back onto the barrel, ensuring it is fully engaged.
  3. Slide the slide back onto the frame, making sure it is properly aligned with the frame rails.
  4. Push the slide all the way back until it locks into place.
  5. Push the slide stop lever back into the frame until it is fully seated.

A Guide to Disassembling and Cleaning the Browning Hi-Power

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Step 8: Function testing

After the Browning Hi-Power has been reassembled, it is important to perform a function test to ensure everything is in working order. To do this, check that the firearm cycles properly, the slide locks back when the magazine is empty, and the trigger functions correctly.

Additionally, visually inspect the firearm to ensure that all screws and pins are properly tightened and that there are no visible signs of damage or wear.


Regular cleaning and disassembly of the Browning Hi-Power is crucial for maintaining its reliability and performance. By following this guide, you now have the knowledge and tools necessary to properly disassemble, clean, and reassemble this iconic firearm.

Remember to always prioritize safety when handling firearms, and to perform regular maintenance to ensure their longevity. With proper care, your Browning Hi-Power will continue to be a reliable and powerful handgun for years to come.