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Disassembling and Cleaning the Walther PPQ

In this article, you will learn about the process of disassembling and cleaning the Walther PPQ. We will provide you with a video and step-by-step instructions on how to properly take apart and clean this firearm. Additionally, you will also gain a little historical context on the Walther PPQ.

Walther PPQ Armorer’s Bench – Field Stripping – Disassembly from Walther Arms on Vimeo.

Disassembling and Cleaning the Walther PPQ

The Walther PPQ is a popular choice among firearm enthusiasts due to its reliable performance and ergonomic design. In order to ensure that your Walther PPQ remains in top condition, regular cleaning and maintenance are essential. In this article, we will guide you through the process of disassembling and cleaning your Walther PPQ, as well as provide some tips and considerations for proper care.

Introduction to the Walther PPQ

The Walther PPQ is a semi-automatic pistol that was first introduced in 2011. It is a striker-fired handgun that is widely recognized for its smooth trigger pull and superior ergonomics. The PPQ has gained a reputation for its accuracy and reliability, making it a popular choice for both professional shooters and enthusiasts alike.

Design and Features of the Walther PPQ

The Walther PPQ boasts a sleek and ergonomic design, with a comfortable grip and ambidextrous controls. It features a polymer frame and a steel slide, providing a balance of durability and lightweight construction. The slide is equipped with front and rear serrations, allowing for easy manipulation and slide racking. The PPQ also incorporates a Picatinny accessory rail, allowing users to attach various accessories such as lights or lasers.

History of the Walther PPQ

The Walther PPQ is an evolution of the Walther P99, which was introduced in 1997. The P99 was well-received for its innovative features, such as a decocking button and an anti-stress trigger system. Building upon the success of the P99, the PPQ was designed to improve upon the existing features and ergonomics of its predecessor. Since its introduction, the PPQ has become a popular choice among law enforcement agencies and civilian shooters alike.

Preparing to Disassemble the Walther PPQ

Before you begin the process of disassembling your Walther PPQ, it is important to ensure that the firearm is unloaded and that you have gathered the necessary tools. Additionally, creating a clean and safe workspace is essential for a smooth disassembly and cleaning process.

Unload the Firearm

The first step in preparing to disassemble your Walther PPQ is to ensure that the firearm is unloaded. Remove the magazine by pressing the magazine release button located on the left side of the grip. Next, rack the slide to the rear to visually and physically confirm that the chamber is empty. Always treat the firearm as if it is loaded, even when you have confirmed its condition.

Gather the Necessary Tools

To properly disassemble and clean your Walther PPQ, you will need a few basic tools. These include a cleaning rod, a patch holder, cleaning brushes of various sizes, cotton patches, gun cleaning solvent, gun oil or lubricant, and a clean cloth. It is important to use tools specifically designed for firearms to avoid any damage during the cleaning process.

Ensure a Clean and Safe Workspace

Before you begin disassembling your Walther PPQ, it is crucial to create a clean and safe workspace. Ensure that your cleaning area is well-lit and free from any distractions. Lay down a clean mat or towel to protect the surface from any scratches or debris. It is also advisable to wear eye protection and gloves to protect yourself from any solvents or debris during the cleaning process.

Disassembling and Cleaning the Walther PPQ

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Step-by-Step Guide on Disassembling the Walther PPQ

Now that you have prepared your Walther PPQ and your workspace, let’s proceed with the step-by-step guide on disassembling the firearm. Please note that the following instructions are specific to the Walther PPQ, and it is always recommended to refer to your firearm’s manual for accurate disassembly instructions.

Removing the Magazine and Clearing the Chamber

Start by ensuring that the firearm is unloaded, as discussed earlier. Remove the magazine from the grip by pressing the magazine release button. Once the magazine is removed, rack the slide to the rear to visually and physically ensure that the chamber is empty. Double-check the chamber and visually inspect the feed ramp to ensure there is no ammunition present.

Field Stripping the Firearm

To field strip the Walther PPQ, release the slide by pulling it back slightly and pressing the takedown tabs located on both sides of the frame simultaneously. As you press the takedown tabs, push the slide forward and off the frame. The slide will come off easily once the takedown tabs are fully depressed. Set the slide aside for cleaning.

Separating the Slide and Frame

With the slide removed, flip the frame upside down and locate the recoil spring assembly. Push the assembly forward, compressing the recoil spring, and lift it out of the frame. Be cautious as the recoil spring is under tension. Once the recoil spring assembly is removed, the barrel can be easily lifted out of the frame.

Removing the Recoil Spring and Barrel

Inspect the recoil spring and guide rod for any signs of damage or wear. To remove the barrel, simply lift it out of the slide. Clean the slide, recoil spring, guide rod, and barrel using cleaning solvent, brushes, and patches. Pay special attention to the areas where fouling and debris tend to accumulate, such as the breech face, extractor, and feed ramp.

Cleaning the Walther PPQ Components

Now that you have successfully disassembled the Walther PPQ, it’s time to clean each individual component thoroughly. This ensures that all parts of the firearm are free from debris, fouling, and excess lubrication, which can affect its overall performance and reliability.

Cleaning the Slide and Barrel

Using a cleaning brush and solvent, scrub the slide and barrel to remove any carbon residue or fouling. Pay extra attention to the breech face, firing pin channel, extractor, and feed ramp. After scrubbing, wipe down the slide and barrel with a clean cloth or cotton patches to remove any excess solvent or debris. It is recommended to apply a light coat of lubrication to these parts once they are clean.

Cleaning the Frame

Clean the frame of the Walther PPQ using a brush and solvent, paying attention to areas such as the trigger assembly, magazine well, and rails. Use cotton patches or a clean cloth to remove any excess solvent or debris. Be careful not to saturate the frame with cleaning solvent, as this can cause damage to the polymer components.

Cleaning the Magazine

Disassemble the magazine, if necessary, and clean it using a cleaning brush and solvent. Pay attention to the magazine spring, follower, and feed lips, as these areas tend to accumulate debris and fouling. Wipe down the magazine with a clean cloth or cotton patches to remove any excess solvent or debris. Once clean, reassemble the magazine and apply a small amount of lubrication to the moving parts.

Disassembling and Cleaning the Walther PPQ

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Proper Lubrication and Reassembly of the Walther PPQ

After cleaning all the components of your Walther PPQ, it is time to apply lubrication and reassemble the firearm. Proper lubrication ensures smooth operation and helps protect against corrosion and wear.

Applying Lubrication to the Slide and Barrel

Apply a small amount of gun oil or lubricant to the slide and barrel, focusing on areas such as the rails, barrel lug, and locking lugs. Use a clean cloth or cotton swabs to distribute the lubrication evenly. Avoid over-lubrication, as this can attract dirt and debris.

Reassembling the Recoil Spring and Barrel

With the slide and frame clean and lubricated, reassemble the recoil spring assembly by aligning the smaller end of the spring guide with the corresponding hole in the frame. Compress the recoil spring and guide rod, and gently guide it into place until it clicks into position. Once the recoil spring is properly seated, insert the barrel into the slide until it is fully seated and aligned with the ejection port.

Reassembling the Slide and Frame

To reassemble the slide and frame, align the slide with the rails on the frame. Push the slide all the way to the rear until it engages with the frame. At the same time, press the takedown tabs down and release the slide, allowing it to move forward. You should hear a click, indicating that the slide is securely reassembled with the frame.

Inserting the Magazine

With the slide and frame reassembled, insert the magazine into the grip until it clicks into place. Ensure that the magazine is fully seated by giving it a firm tug to confirm its lock-up.

Final Inspection and Function Check

After completing the reassembly, it is important to perform a final inspection and function check to ensure that your Walther PPQ is clean, properly assembled, and in working order.

Inspecting for Any Residual Dirt or Debris

Inspect the firearm visually and ensure that there is no residual dirt, debris, or solvent remaining on any of the components. Use a clean cloth or cotton patches to wipe down the firearm if necessary.

Confirming Proper Assembly

Double-check that all parts are properly seated and secured. Ensure that the recoil spring assembly, barrel, and slide are correctly aligned and engaged with each other and the frame.

Performing a Function Check

To perform a function check, ensure that the firearm is unloaded and in a safe direction. Rack the slide to the rear and release it, confirming that the slide smoothly cycles and chambers a round from the magazine. Pull the trigger, ensuring that it breaks cleanly and resets properly. Repeat this process several times to confirm consistent functioning.

Disassembling and Cleaning the Walther PPQ

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Tips and Considerations for Cleaning the Walther PPQ

Cleaning and maintaining your Walther PPQ is an essential part of firearm ownership. Here are some tips and considerations to keep in mind:

Using Suitable Cleaning Solvents and Lubricants

Select cleaning solvents and lubricants that are specifically designed for firearms. Avoid using household cleaners or excessive amounts of lubrication, as these can damage your firearm.

Avoiding Over-Lubrication

While proper lubrication is important, it is crucial to avoid over-lubricating your Walther PPQ. Excessive lubrication can attract dirt and debris, leading to malfunctions.

Taking Care of Small Components

When handling small components of your Walther PPQ, such as the recoil spring assembly or the magazine, be careful not to lose or damage them. Consider using a clean tray or container to hold these parts during the disassembly and cleaning process.

Safety Precautions and Best Practices

Firearm safety should always be your top priority. Here are some safety precautions and best practices to adhere to during the disassembly and cleaning of your Walther PPQ:

Always Treat the Firearm as if it’s Loaded

Even when you have confirmed that your firearm is unloaded, always treat it as if it is loaded. Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction and keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to fire.

Keep Ammunition Separate from the Workspace

During the cleaning process, it is advisable to keep your ammunition separate from your cleaning area. Store your live ammunition in a secure and separate location to avoid any accidental chambering or discharge.

Wear Eye Protection and Gloves

To protect yourself from solvents, debris, or potential accidents, always wear appropriate eye protection and gloves. This will mitigate the risk of injury and ensure a safe and clean working environment.

Disassembling and Cleaning the Walther PPQ

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Common Issues and Troubleshooting

While disassembling and cleaning your Walther PPQ, you may encounter some common issues or difficulties. Here are a few troubleshooting tips:

Failure to Field Strip

If you are having trouble field stripping your Walther PPQ, ensure that the takedown tabs are being fully depressed simultaneously. Apply even pressure to both sides of the frame to release the slide. If the issue persists, refer to the manufacturer’s manual or seek professional assistance.

Difficulty Removing Certain Components

If you encounter difficulty when removing the recoil spring assembly or barrel, ensure that you are following the correct procedure and applying the necessary force. Additionally, check for any obstructions or debris that may be hindering the removal process.

Functionality and Performance Concerns

If you notice any functionality or performance concerns while disassembling or cleaning your Walther PPQ, such as a gritty trigger or difficulty cycling, it may indicate the need for further inspection or professional maintenance. Contact the manufacturer or a certified gunsmith for assistance.


Regular cleaning and maintenance are integral to the longevity and reliable performance of your Walther PPQ. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can ensure that your firearm is properly disassembled, cleaned, lubricated, and reassembled. Maintaining a clean and well-functioning Walther PPQ not only enhances its performance but also allows you to fully enjoy the shooting experience. Remember to prioritize safety at all times and consult the manufacturer’s manual for specific instructions and considerations.

Disassembling and Cleaning the Walther PPQ

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