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How to Clean a Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol

In this article, you will learn how to clean a Smith & Wesson M&P pistol. We will provide step-by-step instructions and a video guide to help you properly disassemble and clean your firearm. Additionally, we will give you some historical context about the Smith & Wesson M&P series. By the end of this article, you will have the knowledge and skills to maintain your Smith & Wesson M&P pistol effectively.

How to Clean a Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol

Introduction

Cleaning your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol is an essential part of firearm maintenance. Regular cleaning not only keeps your pistol in proper working condition but also extends its lifespan. In this guide, we will provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to disassemble, clean, and reassemble your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol. Additionally, we will discuss the design and features of the M&P Pistol, as well as its purpose and popularity.

Overview of Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol

Design and features

The Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol is a semi-automatic handgun designed for use by law enforcement, military personnel, and civilian shooters. It features a polymer frame and a striker-fired operating system, which provides a consistent trigger pull and reduces the likelihood of accidental discharges. The M&P Pistol also incorporates ambidextrous controls, allowing both right-handed and left-handed shooters to use the firearm comfortably.

Purpose and popularity

The Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol was initially introduced as a replacement for the aging Beretta M9 pistol in the United States military. However, it quickly gained popularity not only among military and law enforcement personnel but also among civilian shooters. The M&P Pistol’s reliability, ergonomics, and customization options have made it a favorite choice for self-defense, competition shooting, and concealed carry.

How to Clean a Smith Wesson MP Pistol

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Safety Precautions

Before beginning the cleaning process, it is crucial to observe proper safety precautions to prevent accidents or injuries. Here are some essential safety measures to follow:

Unload and clear the pistol

Always ensure that the magazine is removed and the chamber is empty before cleaning your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol. Check the chamber visually and physically to make sure there is no ammunition present.

Wear appropriate safety gear

When cleaning your firearm, it is recommended to wear safety glasses and gloves to protect your eyes and hands from any potential cleaning solvents or debris. Additionally, work in a well-ventilated area to avoid inhaling any chemical fumes.

Disassembly

To clean your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol thoroughly, it needs to be disassembled into its main components. Follow these steps for disassembly:

Remove the magazine

First, ensure the magazine is removed from the pistol. Press the magazine release button to release the magazine and then pull it out of the grip.

Check for any remaining ammunition

Visually and physically inspect the chamber to ensure there are no rounds left. Use your finger or a cleaning rod to ensure there is no obstruction.

Lock the slide open

Pull the slide to the rearward position and engage the slide stop lever to lock the slide open. This will allow for easy disassembly of the pistol.

Take out the slide stop

Push the slide stop lever from the right side of the pistol to the left side, allowing it to come out of its recess in the frame. Set the slide stop lever aside for now.

Remove the slide

Pull the slide forward and off the frame of the pistol. Set the frame aside and focus on the disassembly of the slide.

Disassemble the recoil spring and barrel

To remove the recoil spring assembly, push it forward and lift it out of its recess in the slide. Then, tilt the barrel slightly and lift it out of the slide. Now you have disassembled the essential components for cleaning.

How to Clean a Smith Wesson MP Pistol

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Cleaning Materials

To effectively clean your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol, gather the following cleaning materials:

  • Gun cleaning solvent
  • Cleaning brushes (nylon and brass)
  • Cleaning patches
  • Microfiber cloth
  • Gun oil

Cleaning the Frame and Slide

To ensure the frame and slide of your M&P Pistol are free from dirt, debris, and carbon buildup, follow these steps:

Apply cleaning solvent on a patch

Dampen a cleaning patch with gun cleaning solvent. Avoid directly applying the solvent onto the frame or slide to prevent excessive saturation.

Wipe down the frame and slide

Using the solvent-soaked patch, wipe down the frame and slide, paying close attention to areas such as the rails and crevices where dirt may accumulate.

Use cleaning brush to remove dirt and residue

Utilize the nylon brush to scrub away any stubborn dirt or residue on the frame and slide. If necessary, switch to a brass brush for more aggressive cleaning.

Dry and apply gun oil

After thoroughly cleaning the frame and slide, use a dry cleaning patch or microfiber cloth to remove any excess solvent. Finally, apply a light coat of gun oil to protect the metal surfaces and ensure smooth operation.

How to Clean a Smith Wesson MP Pistol

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Cleaning the Barrel and Recoil Spring

The barrel and recoil spring assembly are critical components that require proper cleaning. Follow these steps to ensure their cleanliness:

Apply cleaning solvent on a patch

Dampen a cleaning patch with gun cleaning solvent, making sure it is not overly saturated.

Clean the barrel with cleaning brush and patch

Insert the cleaning brush into the barrel and scrub it back and forth. Follow this by running the solvent-soaked patch through the barrel several times until it comes out clean.

Clean the recoil spring assembly

Using a cleaning brush, remove any dirt or debris from the recoil spring assembly. Wipe it down with a cleaning patch soaked in solvent to ensure it is thoroughly cleaned.

Dry and apply gun oil

Once the barrel and recoil spring assembly are clean, use a dry cleaning patch or microfiber cloth to remove any remaining solvent. Then, lightly apply gun oil to the barrel and recoil spring to prevent corrosion and ensure proper functioning.

Reassembly

Now that you have completed the cleaning process, it is time to reassemble your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol. Follow these steps:

Lubricate slide rails and frame

Apply a small amount of gun oil to the slide rails on the frame. Spread the oil evenly using a clean cloth or your finger.

Insert the recoil spring assembly

Align the recoil spring assembly with its recess in the slide. Push it into place until it is fully seated.

Align the slide and reinsert the slide stop

Align the slide with the frame and carefully guide it onto the rails. Once aligned, reinsert the slide stop lever from the left side of the pistol, allowing it to engage with the frame.

Pull slide back and lock it

Pull the slide back to the rearward position and engage the slide stop lever to lock the slide open. This will facilitate the insertion of the magazine.

Insert and test the magazine

Insert a fully loaded magazine into the grip of the pistol. Release the slide by pressing the slide stop lever down. Ensure that the slide goes forward and chambers a round smoothly.

How to Clean a Smith Wesson MP Pistol

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Function and Safety Check

After reassembling your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol, it is crucial to perform a function and safety check to ensure its proper operation. We recommend the following checks:

Check slide operation and magazine function

Rack the slide back and forth several times to ensure smooth and consistent movement. Test the magazine release and confirm that the magazine is securely seated and drops freely when the release button is pressed.

Check safety features

Verify that the manual safety, if present, engages and disengages correctly. Additionally, check the trigger safety to ensure it functions as intended.

Perform a dry fire test

With the pistol pointing in a safe direction, pull the trigger to confirm that it is functioning properly. Ensure that the firing pin strikes the firing pin stop correctly without any issues.

Conclusion

Regularly cleaning your Smith & Wesson M&P Pistol is vital for maintaining its reliability and prolonging its lifespan. By following the step-by-step instructions provided in this guide, you can ensure that your firearm remains in optimal condition. Remember to adhere to proper safety precautions throughout the cleaning process, and always consult your firearm’s manual if you have any questions or concerns. Happy cleaning and safe shooting!

How to Clean a Smith Wesson MP Pistol

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