In this article, you will learn how to disassemble and clean the Savage Model 99 firearm. We will provide step-by-step instructions and a video tutorial to help you effectively take apart and clean this specific model. Additionally, you will gain some historical context about the Savage Model 99, adding to your overall understanding of this firearm. So let’s get started and make sure your Savage Model 99 is maintained and performing at its best.
How to Disassemble and Clean the Savage Model 99
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Brief historical overview of the Savage Model 99
The Savage Model 99, introduced in 1899, was a lever-action rifle that quickly gained popularity due to its innovative design and advanced features. It was the first rifle to be chambered in the powerful .300 Savage cartridge, which revolutionized the hunting world by offering excellent accuracy and stopping power.
Importance of disassembling and cleaning firearms
Regular disassembly and cleaning of firearms, including the Savage Model 99, is essential for maintaining their overall performance, reliability, and longevity. By disassembling and cleaning your firearm, you can remove dirt, debris, and corrosive materials that may accumulate over time and affect its functioning. Additionally, proper cleaning and maintenance can help identify any wear or damage to internal components, enabling you to perform timely repairs or replacements.
Gathering necessary tools and supplies
Before starting the disassembly and cleaning process, it is important to gather all the necessary tools and supplies. These may include a cleaning rod, bore brush, cleaning patches, solvent, gun oil, a small screwdriver set, and a cleaning mat or workbench. Having these items readily available will ensure a smooth and efficient cleaning process.
Ensuring firearm is unloaded and safe
Prior to handling any firearm, it is crucial to ensure that it is unloaded and in a safe condition. Remove the magazine and visually inspect the chamber to make sure there is no ammunition present. Always treat every firearm as if it is loaded and follow proper safety protocols throughout the disassembly and cleaning process.
Step 1: Field Stripping
Removing the magazine and emptying the chamber
To begin the disassembly process, remove the magazine from the Savage Model 99 if it is detachable. Next, visually inspect the chamber and ensure that it is empty. You can do this by pulling the bolt back and visually checking for any ammunition.
Disengaging the bolt
To disengage the bolt, push the lever located on the right side of the receiver forward while simultaneously pulling the trigger. Slowly release the lever and allow the bolt to move forward. This will disengage the bolt from the receiver and allow for further disassembly.
Taking off the barrel and forend
To remove the barrel and forend, locate the release latch or screw near the front of the forend. Depress or unscrew this latch, and then slide the forend forward, away from the receiver. Once the forend is free, the barrel can be easily lifted out of the receiver.
Step 2: Detailed Disassembly
Removing the trigger assembly
To remove the trigger assembly, remove the screws securing the trigger guard to the receiver. These screws are typically located on the underside of the receiver. Once the screws are removed, the trigger guard assembly can be lifted out of the receiver.
Dismantling the action
To dismantle the action, rotate the lever located on the right side of the receiver downward, which will allow the lever to clear the receiver slot. Pull the lever down and to the rear, disengaging it from the action. The action can now be lifted out of the receiver, separating it from the stock.
Separating the bolt and receiver components
To separate the bolt from the receiver, first, pull the bolt assembly rearward until it disengages from the action. Then, while holding the bolt assembly, push and rotate the bolt head counterclockwise until it disengages from the bolt assembly. With the bolt head removed, the bolt can be lifted out of the receiver, completing the disassembly process.
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Step 3: Cleaning
Choosing appropriate cleaning solvents and lubricants
When choosing cleaning solvents and lubricants for your Savage Model 99, it is important to consider the specific materials and finishes used in its construction. Avoid using solvents that may damage the wood or metal finishes. Always follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for cleaning products or consult with a knowledgeable gunsmith for guidance.
Cleaning the barrel and bore
Start by attaching a bore brush to the cleaning rod and applying gun solvent to it. Insert the cleaning rod into the barrel from the chamber end and scrub the bore in a back-and-forth motion, following the rifling. After several passes, remove the bore brush and attach a cleaning patch to the rod. Run the patch through the barrel to remove any remaining solvent and debris. Repeat this process with clean patches until they come out clean.
Maintaining the action and trigger mechanism
To clean the action and trigger mechanism, use a small brush or cotton swabs soaked in solvent to remove dirt and debris. Pay special attention to areas where fouling may accumulate, such as the bolt, extractor, and trigger assembly. Once clean, apply a small amount of gun oil to these components to ensure smooth operation.
Step 4: Inspection and Maintenance
Examining the internal components for wear or damage
After cleaning, carefully inspect all internal components of the Savage Model 99 for any signs of wear, damage, or corrosion. Pay close attention to areas that come into direct contact with moving parts or high-pressure gas, as these are more prone to wear. If any parts appear excessively worn or damaged, consult with a qualified gunsmith for replacement.
Replacing worn parts
If you identify any worn or damaged parts during the inspection, it is important to replace them promptly. Using worn or damaged components can compromise the safety and reliability of your firearm. Always use genuine Savage parts or parts recommended by the manufacturer to ensure proper fit and function.
Applying lubrication for smooth operation
Once the inspection and necessary maintenance tasks are complete, apply a light coat of gun oil or lubricant to all moving parts. This includes the bolt, action, trigger assembly, and any other areas where metal contacts metal. Avoid over-application, as excess lubrication can attract dirt and debris, potentially causing malfunctions.
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Step 5: Reassembly
Putting the bolt and receiver components back together
To reassemble the Savage Model 99, begin by inserting the bolt into the receiver, aligning the extractor with the corresponding slot. Rotate the bolt head clockwise until it locks into place. Then, slide the action back into the stock, ensuring proper engagement with the recoil lug. Finally, rotate the lever upward until it locks into position.
Attaching the trigger assembly
To attach the trigger assembly, align the assembly with the receiver and insert the screws through the trigger guard, securing it to the receiver. Tighten the screws firmly but avoid over-tightening, as it may cause damage.
Reassembling the barrel, forend, and action
To reassemble the barrel and forend, slide the barrel into the receiver, aligning the corresponding notches with the receiver’s locking mechanism. Once the barrel is properly seated, slide the forend back onto the barrel until it engages with the receiver. Finally, secure the forend in place by depressing the release latch or screw.
Step 6: Function Test
Verifying proper functioning of the firearm
After reassembly, perform a function test to ensure proper operation of the Savage Model 99. This includes checking the trigger pull, bolt cycling, and magazine feeding. If any issues or malfunctions are observed, disassemble and inspect the affected areas for any errors or misalignments. Seek professional assistance if needed.
Checking for any issues or malfunctions
During the function test, pay close attention to any unusual noises, resistance, or other indications of malfunction. Ensure that the bolt moves smoothly, the trigger breaks cleanly, and the magazine feeds and ejects cartridges properly. Be cautious of any safety concerns and address them immediately.
Ensuring safe operation
Always remember to ensure safe operation of your Savage Model 99 by following proper firearm safety practices. Treat every firearm as if it is loaded, keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction, and never place your finger on the trigger until you are ready to shoot. Regular maintenance and safe operation go hand in hand to preserve the performance and reliability of your firearm.
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Importance of regular maintenance and cleaning
Regular disassembly and cleaning of firearms, such as the Savage Model 99, are paramount to ensure their optimal functioning, reliability, and longevity. By following a systematic disassembly and cleaning process, you can remove debris, prevent corrosion, and identify any potential issues before they become major problems.
Final thoughts on disassembling and cleaning the Savage Model 99
Disassembling and cleaning the Savage Model 99 is a task that, when performed diligently and with proper care, can greatly enhance the performance and lifespan of this historic lever-action rifle. By following the outlined steps and investing the necessary time and effort, you can enjoy safe and reliable shooting experiences with your Savage Model 99 for years to come.